|alt. 'Abbaasid dynasty, 'Abbaasi, Abbasi|
The dynasty of 37 caliphs reigning in Baghdad from 133H (750C.E.) to 656H (1258C.E.), descended from the Prophet Muhammad's uncle, 'Abbaas ibn 'Abdul-Muttalib , which set up its rule on the ruins of the house of the Umayyads. Starting with the subversive propaganda against the Umayyads, the 'Abbasids came into power when Abul-'Abbaas, surnamed as as-Saffaah, "the bloodshedder," was recognized as caliph at Kufah. Caliphs al-Mansoor and al-Mahdi consolidated the 'Abbasid empire which, at the zenith of its power, extended from the shores of North Africa to the Indus; from the Red Sea to the Caspian Sea; and into the valleys of the north western slopes of the Himalaya. The 'Abbasid caliphate was brought to an end when Caliph al-Musta'sim was put to death by Halaku.
The names of the 'Abbasid caliphs are:
"Call" or "announcement," especially the one given some time before every obligatory salah in order to summon the people to join the congregational prayer.
|Related links:||Call to Prayer|
"People of the house," i.e. family of the Prophet Muhammad . The Shi'ah, however, attribute the expression to 'Ali, Faatimah, their sons, and dependents , to whom they restrict their appellation as well as the right to spiritual merit and political rule.
|In the Quran:||33:33|
"Morals." Covers the nature, disposition, habits, and manners of a person.
|Last modified 01-21-2003 14:53:43 - Connecticut Council of Masajid, Inc.|